Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bil Jhunjhun, Atasi.
English Name: Rattlewort.
A robust undershrub, 60-120 cm high. Leaves 3.4-9 cm long, oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse or retuse, silky-pubescent beneath. Flowers numerous, large, in erect, terminal racemes, 15-30 cm long; corolla 2.5 cm long, yellow with a purple tinge. Pods 2.5-3.8 cm long, linear-oblong, slightly broader upwords.
Plants are used in scabies and impetigo. It causes hepatic diseases in birds and animals.
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spasmolytic and CNS depressant (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Seeds contain as high as 10% pyrrolizinine alkaloids including monocrotaline, retusine and spectabiline and flavonoids. Seeds also contain quercetin, quercetin-3-o-glucoside and isoquercitrin also isolated from seeds. Leaves contain crotaline alkaloids. Polyamines and pyrrolizidine alkaloids have been isolated from roots (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Khulan, Cox's Bazar and Jessore, in fallow lands.