CROTALARIA RETUSA L.

Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bil Jhunjhun, Atasi.

English Name: Rattlewort.

Description of the Plant

A robust undershrub, 60-120 cm high. Leaves 3.4-9 cm long, oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse or retuse, silky-pubescent beneath. Flowers numerous, large, in erect, terminal racemes, 15-30 cm long; corolla 2.5 cm long, yellow with a purple tinge. Pods 2.5-3.8 cm long, linear-oblong, slightly broader upwords.

Using Information

Plants are used in scabies and impetigo. It causes hepatic diseases in birds and animals.

EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is spasmolytic and CNS depressant (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Seeds contain as high as 10% pyrrolizinine alkaloids including monocrotaline, retusine and spectabiline and flavonoids. Seeds also contain quercetin, quercetin-3-o-glucoside and isoquercitrin also isolated from seeds. Leaves contain crotaline alkaloids. Polyamines and pyrrolizidine alkaloids have been isolated from roots (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution

Khulan, Cox's Bazar and Jessore, in fallow lands.


Share Your Thoughts