Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Tribal Name: Kudug Jhunjhuni (Chakma); Easygaas (Tanchunga); Tha Sim Noi, Rati Aapa (Marma); Roa Bay (Murang).
An erect low shrub up to 1.5 m high. Leaves 3-foliolate, leaflets 7-10 cm long, obovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, glabrous above and obscurely silky beneath. Racemes 20-50-flowered, reaching 15-30 cm long. Corolla yellow striped with red. Pods turgid, deflexed, rather recurved, 4-5 cm long, 20-30-seeded.
Root extract is taken by Tanchangyas to cure stomachache and indigestion.
EtOH(50%) extract of plant is hypotensive. Total alkaloids of the plant are antitumour against Walker 256 and sarcoma 180 rat tumours (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Seeds contain alkaloids, mucronatine, usaramine, nilgirine, mucronatinine and crotastriatine (Asolkar et al., 1992). Luteolin, vitexin, its O-xyloside and chrysoeriol-7-rutinoside have also been isolated from seeds. Vitexin, vitexin-4'-O-xyloside and apigenin have been isolated from leaves and stem bark (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Occur all over the country in fallow lands.