CROTALARIA PALLIDA Ait.

Family: Fabeceae

Tribal Name: Kudug Jhunjhuni (Chakma); Easygaas (Tanchunga); Tha Sim Noi, Rati Aapa (Marma); Roa Bay (Murang).

Description of the Plant

An erect low shrub up to 1.5 m high. Leaves 3-foliolate, leaflets 7-10 cm long, obovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, glabrous above and obscurely silky beneath. Racemes 20-50-flowered, reaching 15-30 cm long. Corolla yellow striped with red. Pods turgid, deflexed, rather recurved, 4-5 cm long, 20-30-seeded.

Using Information

Root extract is taken by Tanchangyas to cure stomachache and indigestion.

EtOH(50%) extract of plant is hypotensive. Total alkaloids of the plant are antitumour against Walker 256 and sarcoma 180 rat tumours (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Seeds contain alkaloids, mucronatine, usaramine, nilgirine, mucronatinine and crotastriatine (Asolkar et al., 1992). Luteolin, vitexin, its O-xyloside and chrysoeriol-7-rutinoside have also been isolated from seeds. Vitexin, vitexin-4'-O-xyloside and apigenin have been isolated from leaves and stem bark (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

CROTALARIA PALLIDA Ait.
CROTALARIA PALLIDA Ait.

Distribution

Occur all over the country in fallow lands.


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