CROTALARIA JUNCEA L.

Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Sonpat, Shon, Ghoresun.

English Name: Sunn Hemp, Bombay Hemp.

Description of the Plant

A tall annual, 0.6-2.4 m high; branches numerous, ascending, striate, silky-pubescent. Leaves 2.5-10 cm long, linear or oblong, appressed silky. Flowers large, yellow, in erect terminal and lateral 12-20 flowered racemes, reaching up to 30 cm. Pods 2.5- 3 cm long, sessile, inflated, clothed with short fulvous silky hairs.

Using Information

Leaves are refrigerant, demulcent, emetic, purgative, emmenagogue and abortifacient; used externally and internally in the form of infusion in gastric and bilious fevers accompained by skin diseases such as impetigo and psoriasis. Seeds are used as hair tonic and in skin diseases. Roots are useful in colic and as an astringent in epistaxis.

Extracts of leaves and seeds possesses antifertility activity in albino rats. Seed extract is hepatotoxic in mice. Plant known to cause hepatic veno-occlusive disease (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CROTALARIA JUNCEA L.
CROTALARIA JUNCEA L.

Chemical Constituents

Leaves contain mucilage, fat and resin. Seeds contain phytoagglutinin and a bitter principle, corchorin. Seeds contain apigenin-7-glucuronide, apigenin-7,4'-O-di-glucoside and a-hydroxynorleucine. Tissue cultures produce quercetin and alkaloids (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Cultivated in Cox's Bazar, Noakhali, Chandpur.


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