Family: Apiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dhone, Dhaniya.

English Name: Coriander.

Description of the Plant

An annual aromatic, erect herb, 40-50 cm high. Leaves of two kinds, the lower ones petioled, pinnatisect into 2-3 pairs of ovate-cuneiform, incised-dentate segments, the upper ones short-petioled or subsessile, 2-3 pinnatisect into linear setaceous lobes. Flowers small, in compound umbels. Fruits subglobose.

Using Information

Dried fruit is stimulant, carminative, digestive, stomachic, diuretic, antipyretic, laxative, anthelmintic, refrigerant, tonic and aphrodisiac; improves appetite. Taken internally as general anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic and antiscorbutic; recommended for asthenia of children and aged people. Fruits are chewed to correct foul breath.

Roasted seeds are useful in dyspepsia and prevent griping. The leaves are carminative, antibilious hypnotic and analgesic; useful in hiccup, suppuration, piles, inflammation, gleet, jaundice, stomatitis, bleeding from the gums, scabies and tuberculous glands; gives cooling effect in headache. Infusion of the plant is a gentle remedy for flatulence, bloating and cramps.

EtOH(50%) extract of seeds is fungitoxic against Helminthosporium oryzae. Essential oil from seeds possesses antimicrobial activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Essential oil is the chief constituent of the fruits, which is composed of about 70% of coriandrol (linalool), cymene, pinene, limonene, phellandrene, geraniol and borneol, malic, oxalic and tannic acids. It also contains 1,8-cineole, ß-caryophyllene, citronellol, thymol, linalyl acetate, geranyl acetate, caryophyllene oxide, elemol, methylheptenone, flavonoids, coumarins, phthalides and phenolic acids.


Fruits also contain fixed oil, fatty matter, mucilage, tannin, malic acid, umbellifferone and scopoletin. Seeds contain quercetin-3-O-caffeyl and kaempferol-3-glucosides and ß-sitosterol. Presence of chlorogenic, caffeic acids, coumarins, quercetin, rutin, umbelliferone, scopoletin, triacontane, triacontanol, ß-sitosterol, tricosanol, psoralen, angelicin and coriandrinol (ß-sitosterol glucoside) have also been reported from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).


Cultivated throughout the country.

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