Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. obliqua Willd., C. myxa Roxb. Auct. non L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bonary, Bohari; Bohal, Buhal (Chittagong); Aslia, Kalahuza (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Chaine (Mogh); Bol-mimang, Thakaksum (Garo).
English Name: Indian Chery, Sebestan.
A medium-sized dichotomous tree with long bole and drooping branches. Leaves 2.5-12.7 cm diam., entire or slightly dentate, variable in shape, from elliplic-lanceolate to broad ovate. Flowers small, in large, lax, terminal and axillary cymes. Drupe 1.3-2.5 cm long, conical when young, later ovoid; ripe fruit yellowish brown, pink or nearly black, shining, filled with visid pulp.
Decoction of the leaf is used in cough and cold. The sticky pulp of the fruit is used for the treatment of cough and chest diseases.
EtOH (50%) extract of leaves and stems is antimicrobial (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Fruit carnel contains protein and oil containing mixture of palmitic, stearic, arachidic, behenic, oleic and linoleic acids and other fatty acids. Taxifolin-3-rhamnoside, ß-sitosterol, palmitic, stearic, oleic and linolenic acids have been isolated from seeds.
ß-sitosterol, 5,7-dimethoxytaxifolin-3O-a-L-rhamnopyranoside, hesperetin-7-rhamnoside, lup-20(29)-ene-3-O-ß-D-maltoside have been isolated from roots. Allantonin, 3',5-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-flavanone-7-O-a-L-rhamnopyranoside, and ß-sitosterol have been isolated from stem bark (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet, Noakhali, usually growing in grass land and in more open spaces.