CORCHORUS OLITORIUS L.

Family: Tiliaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Toshapat, Mithapat, Pat, Lalitapat, Bogipat.

English Name: Jew's Mallow, Jute.

Description of the Plant

A tall annual, up to 2 m or more high. Leaves 6.3-10 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, serrate, the lower serratures on each side prolonged into a filiform appendage, Flowers pale yellow. Capsule 3-6.3 cm long, linear, cylindric, erect.

Using Information

Leaves are alterative, alexiteric, demulcent, tonic, diuretic, astringent to the bowels; used in fever, dysentery, pain, ascites and piles. Dried tender leaves are demulcent, tonic, diuretic and slightly febrifuge; used in visceral obstruction, gonorrhoea, cystitis and dysuria. Infusion of the dried leaves restores the appetite.

Seeds are purgative. Seed glycosides are effective in cardiac diseases; particularly olitoriside produces equivalent effect to strophanthin in patients with chronic cardiac insufficiency.

Chemical Constituents

Seeds contain a cardiac glycoside, olitoriside. They also contain coroloside, deglucocoroloside, erysimoside, veticoside, helveticoside, corchoroside A, corchoroside, B, evonoside, strophanthidol, strophanthidin and olitorin. Roots contain a triterpene, corosin and ß-sitosterol.

CORCHORUS OLITORIUS L.
CORCHORUS OLITORIUS L.

An acidic polysaccharide rich in uronic acid and consisting of rhamnose, glucose, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid has been isolated from the leaves. Seeds contain aglycones – strophanthidin and corchorgenin; glycosides – corchsularin; corchoralic acid, ß-sitosterol and a saponin (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Distribution

Cultivated all over Bangladesh.


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