Family: Tiliaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Toshapat, Mithapat, Pat, Lalitapat, Bogipat.

English Name: Jew's Mallow, Jute.

Description of the Plant

A tall annual, up to 2 m or more high. Leaves 6.3-10 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, serrate, the lower serratures on each side prolonged into a filiform appendage, Flowers pale yellow. Capsule 3-6.3 cm long, linear, cylindric, erect.

Using Information

Leaves are alterative, alexiteric, demulcent, tonic, diuretic, astringent to the bowels; used in fever, dysentery, pain, ascites and piles. Dried tender leaves are demulcent, tonic, diuretic and slightly febrifuge; used in visceral obstruction, gonorrhoea, cystitis and dysuria. Infusion of the dried leaves restores the appetite.

Seeds are purgative. Seed glycosides are effective in cardiac diseases; particularly olitoriside produces equivalent effect to strophanthin in patients with chronic cardiac insufficiency.

Chemical Constituents

Seeds contain a cardiac glycoside, olitoriside. They also contain coroloside, deglucocoroloside, erysimoside, veticoside, helveticoside, corchoroside A, corchoroside, B, evonoside, strophanthidol, strophanthidin and olitorin. Roots contain a triterpene, corosin and ß-sitosterol.


An acidic polysaccharide rich in uronic acid and consisting of rhamnose, glucose, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid has been isolated from the leaves. Seeds contain aglycones – strophanthidin and corchorgenin; glycosides – corchsularin; corchoralic acid, ß-sitosterol and a saponin (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).


Cultivated all over Bangladesh.

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