Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Banpat, Bilnalita, Janglipat.
An annual, 15-45 cm high, much-branched from the base. Leaves 2-4 cm long, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, serrate, the lower serratures not produced into filiform appendages. Flowers in very short, leaf opposed cymes. Capsules 12 mm long, straight, cylindric.
The plant is tonic, anthelmintic, astringent to the bowels and restorative; useful in ulcers, tumour, ascites and piles; cures dysentery. The leaves are cooling, laxative, stimulant, tonic and aphrodisiac. Seeds are alexipharmac; cures tumour, pain, stomach troubles, scabies and other skin diseases.
Glycosides of the plant possess spasmolytic action (Asolkar et al., 1992).
ß-sitosterol; betulinic acid and a new flavonoid glycoside have been isolated from the plant (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Seeds yield cardenolides including trilocularin (Asolkar et al., 1992).
North Bengal, in fallow lands.