CORCHORUS CAPSULARIS L.

Family: Tiliaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Titapat, Nalita, Sadapat, Deshipat.

English Name: White Jute, Jute.

Description of the Plant

A very tall annual. Leaves 7.5-10 cm long, lanceolate, acute or acuminate, serrate, the lower serrature on each side usually prolonged into filiform appendage. Flowers less than 12 mm across, in short cymes. Capsules 12 mm across, subglobose, depressed.

Using Information

Leaves are demulcent, stomachic, tonic, laxative, carminative, refrigerant and diuretic; useful in acute dysentery. Infusion of the leaves is used in atonic dyspepsia, liver disorders, and as a fever-drink; also used in some cases of chronic cystitis, gonorrhoea, dysuria, in worms of children, hepatic and intestinal colic and gastric catarrh. Infusion of the dried leaves is a popular domestic medicine for disorder of the liver and is of great value when there is a trouble with burning sensation in hands and feet.

Root decoction and unripe fruit is useful in diarrhoea. Seeds are purgative. Cardiac glycosides present in the seeds are very effective in acute and chronic cardiac insufficiency, peroxystic tachycardia and tachyarythmia in oral dosing.

CORCHORUS CAPSULARIS L.
CORCHORUS CAPSULARIS L.

Chemical Constituents

Leaves contain three bitter principles, corchoral, capsularol and capsularone; ß-sitosterol and its glucoside and a triterpenoids glucoside. Bark contains pectin, potassium chloride, wax, fructose and galactose. Roots contain triterpenes, corosin, oxocorosin, ß-sitosterol, corosilic and ursolic acids. Seeds contain cardiac glycosides, corchorin, capsualrin, helveticoside, erysimoside, corchorisides A, B and C, strophanthidin, a bitter principle, corchorin, oligosaccharides; erysimoside and a polar glucoside.

They also contain a new bitter glycoside, corchoside C along with strophanthidin, glycoside A and corchoside B. Sucrose, raffinose, stachyose and verbascose have been isolated from seeds (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution

Cultivated in most of the district.


Share Your Thoughts