Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Arum esculentum L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kachu, Mukhikachu, Bahumukhi, Mokaddam kachu.
Tribal Name: Sung Faoua Sarakan (Marma); Ara Kachu, Chara Kachu (Tanchangya).
English Name: Taro, Dasheen, Eddo, Cocoyam.
Tall herb with underground tuberous stem. Petiole erect, up to 1.2 m. long; lamina peltate-ovate, cordate at the base, up to 50 cm. long. Spathe pale yellow, 15-35 cm long; spadix much shorter than the spathe.
The pressed juice of the petioles is styptic, stimulant and rubefacient; used in athlet's foot and to stop bleeding from cuts. Leaf juice is used in tumours, ulcerated polyp, cancer of nose and warts. Corm juice is laxative; used in cases of piles, congestion of the portal system and alopecia.
EtOH(50%) extract of rhizome is hypotensive (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain sterols, HCN and oxalic acid. Rhizomes contain starch, trypsin inhibitor and 2- a-amylase inhibitors sterols and calcium oxalate (Ghani, 2003).
In most of the districts, cultivated and wild.