Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. aromaticus Benth., Plectranthus amboinensis (Lour.) Spr
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Patharchur, Pasanbhedi, Amlakuchi.
English Name: Country Borage, Indian Borage.
A perennial herb, hispidly villous or tomentose, 30-90 cm long, fleshy. Leaves 2.5-5 cm, long, broadly ovate or cordate, erennate, fleshy, very aromatic. Flowers small, in lax paniculate cymes; corolla pale purplish.
Leaves are antispasmodic, antilithic, cathartic, carminative, stimulant and stomachic; used in urinary diseases and vaginal discharges. Leaf juice is used in strangury, calculus, gonorrhoea, piles and dyspepsia; mixed with sugar given in cases of colic in children. Crushed leaves are used as a local application to headache and to relive the pain and irritation caused by stings of centipeds. Decoction of the leaves is given for asthma, chronic cough, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy and convulsions.
Leaves contain a large amount of exalacetic acid, circimaritin, ß-sitosterol glucoside, several triterpenic acids. Leaves of the south American plant contain flavones, salvigenin, methoxygenkwanin, quercetin, chrysoeriol, luteolin, apigenin, flvanone, eriodyctol and flavanol, taxifolin. The herb also contains an essential oil, rich in thymol (41.3%) and carvacrol (13.25%). The oil also contains eugenol, chavicol and ethyl salicylate (Ghani, 2003).
Grown occasionally in gardens.