CLERODENDRUM INERME (L.) Gaertn.

Family: Verbenaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ban Jui, Batraj, Bakri, Koklata.

English Name: Garden Quinine.

Description of the Plant

A stragling much-branched shrub, 0.9-2.1 m long, sometimes scandent. Leaves opposite, 2-5 cm long, elliptic or obovate obtuse. Flowers in axillary pedunculate cymes; corolla white, tube long, slender, reaching 2.5 cm long. Drupe pyriform, 1.3-1.6 cm long.

Using Information

The plant is given in the form of tincture or decoction in intermittent and remittent fevers and used as a substitute for quinine and chiretta. Leaf and root juice is considered alterative in scrofulous and venereal diseases. A bath with the leaf-boil water is recommended in mania and itches. Stem bark is laxative. Root boiled in oil is applied to rheumatic affections.

EtOH (50%) extract of the plant is hypotensive. Essential oil of leaf is antifungal (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CLERODENDRUM INERME (L.) Gaertn.
CLERODENDRUM INERME (L.) Gaertn.

Chemical Constituents

The leaves contain clerodane, neoclerodane diterpenes, clerodenrins B, C and clerodermic acid. Seeds contain neolignan. The plant also contains friedelin, salvigenin, acacetin, apigenin and other flavonoids and an essential oil. (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Most of the coastal districts in muddy shores.


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