Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. pentaphylla L., Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq., G. pentaphylla (L.) DC.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Hurhuria, Sada Hurhure.
English Name: Spider Flower.
An annual branched herb, up to 1 m high. Leaves 3-5 foliolate; petioles sometimes armed with small distant prickles; leaflets subsessile, 2-4 cm long, elliptic-obovate, obtuse, acute or acuminate, cuneate at the base, pubescent on both sides. Flowers at first corymbose, elongating into a dense bracteate racemes; pedicels viscid-pubescent. Petals pale pink, 15 mm long, broadly obovate or suborbicular with a long claw. Capsule 5-9 cm long, viscid-pubescent, tapering at both ends.
The plant possesses antiscorbutic, diaphoretic and emollient properties. The root is stomachic and mild febrifuge; good in ascites, tumours, ulcers, pain, earache, spleen enlargement and bilious fever. The bruished leaves are rubefacient and vesicant; applied as a counter-irritant in rheumatism, neuralgia, headache and stiff neck; juice is a popular remedy for otalgia; used for curing earache and headache. Seeds are anthelmintic and rubefacient; employed internally for the expalsion of round worms. The infusion of the seeds is used as a cure for cough.
EtOH(50%) extract possesses anticancer and spasmolytic activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain the flavonoids, centaureidin, kaempferol, quercetin, myricitrin, a-and ß-amyrins, taraxasterol, ß-sitosterol and the fatty acids, capric, lauric, myristic, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids. Seeds contain glucocapparin, hexacosanol, kaempferol, ß-sitosterol, its glucoside, unsaturated viscosic acid and a flavone, viscosin. Herb and seeds yield an essential oil (Ghani, 2003). Glucoiberine, neoglucobrassicin and glucobrassicin have also been isolated from this plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Chittagong, in waste places.