CLAUSENA EXCAVATA Burm. f.

Family: Rutaceae

Tribal Name: Dhuliamaricha, Moricha gola (Chakma).

Description of the Plant

A shrub or small tree. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 7-15 pairs with an odd one, lanceolate oblong-lanceolate, oblique, acuminate, 3.4-7.5 cm long. Flowers small, greenish yellow, in terminal panicles, shorter than the leaves. Berries ovoid or oblong, the size of a pea.

Using Information

The plant is diuretic and digestive. The stem is considered tonic and astringent; infusion is given in colic. Sap of leaves rubbed on all kinds of mascular pain. Root decoction is given in malarial fever.

Chemical Constituents

Stem bark and roots of the plant contain carbazole alkaloids, clausines B, E, H, I and K and others, the coumarins clausenin, clausenidin, clausmarin A and the new terpenoid coumarins, lunamarins A and B and other coumarins have been isolated from this plant. Leaves contain clausennlactum, zapotein, myricetin-3-O-rhamnoside, ferulic acid, 7-OH-coumarin, ferulic acid trimethylamine hydroiodide, safrole, glutinol, scopeletin, steroidal glycosides, rutin, nicotiflorin and a carbazole alkaloid, clausine-L. Two prenyl carbazole alkaloids, clausine D and clausine F, having significant antiplatelet aggregation activity, have been isolated from the stem bark (Ghani, 2003).

CLAUSENA EXCAVATA Burm. f.
CLAUSENA EXCAVATA Burm. f.

Distribution

Occur in the forests of Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.


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