Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. valgaris Schrad.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Tarmuj.
English Name: Watermelon.
An annual creeper or climber. Leaves 7.5-20 cm. long, deeply divided or moderately lobed. Flowers rather large, monoecious, solitary; Corolla yellow within, greenish outside and villous. Fruit up to 25 cm diam., subglobose or ellipsoid, smooth; flesh juicy, sweet, red or yellowish white.
Ripe fruit is cooling, laxative, expectorant, diuretic, stomachic and refreshing; useful in hepatic congestion. Seeds are cooling, demulcent, diuretic, vermifuge, nutritive and aphrodisiac.
Flowers contain free amino acids, arginine, glycine, threonine, lysine, alanine, asparagine, aspartic and glutamic acids and leucines. Fruit contains folic, ferulic, caffeic and chlorogenic acids, cucurbitacins, citrullin and cucurbitin and a new amino acid, alphaamino- ß-(Pyrazolyl-N) propionic acid. Pulp and peelings contain an essential oil. Pollens have been reported to contain flavones.
The seed meal is rich in protein and essential amino acids (Ghani, 2003). A new aminoacid ß-(1-pyrazolyl)alanine have been isolated from seeds. a-Spinasterol, stigmasta-7,22,25-trienol and stigmasta-7,25-dienol have been isolated from seed oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Cultivated all over Bangladesh.