Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Vitis quadrangularis Wall. ex Weight & Arn., Cissus edulis Dalz.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Harjora, Harbhanga Lata.
Tribal Name: Arang jura (Garo).
English Name: Large Granadilla, The Edible-stemmed Vine.
A large climber with succulent stem, much contracted at the nodes, quadrangular, the angles of the young branches winged; Leaves 2.5-5 cm long, broadly ovate, denticulate; old stem leafless. Flowers small, in shortly peduncled cymes with spreading umbellate branches. Berry obovoid or globose, scarcely 6 mm long.
The stem is laxative, stomachic, tonic and analgesic; used in piles, tumours, loss of appetite, constipation and in complaints of the back and spine. Stem juice is used in otorrhoea, epistaxis, scurvy and irregular menstruation. Paste of stem is given in asthma; stem boiling in limewater is a useful stomachic. Stems, roots and leaves are used as a plaster over broken limbs. Burnt to ashes of the young shoots administered in dyspepsia and other bowel complaints. Leaves and young shoots are considered as powerful alteratives.
EtOH (50%) extract of aerial parts is hypotensive and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
The herb contains an oxo-steroid, having fracture healing action similar to that of durabolin, 3-ketosteroid and other steroidal principles and ß-sitosterol, carotene, ascorbic acid and calcium oxalate (Ghani, 2003).
Sundarbans, Chittagong, and occasionally planted.