CINNAMOMUM TAMALA Nees.

Family: Lauraceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Tejpata, Tamal.

English Name: Indian Cassia Lignea, Bay Leaf.

Description of the Plant

A small to medium-sized tree. Leaves 12.5-20 cm long, ovate-lanceolate or oblong, coriaceous, glabrous, acuminate, 3-nerved. Flowers small, pale yellow, in axillary and terminal lax puberulous panicles, 5-15 cm long. Drupe 13 mm long, ovoid, fleshy, black.

Using Information

The leaves are stimulant, carminative and diuretic; used in colic, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, anoerexia, skin diseases, diseases of the teeth, sore throat, piles, heart troubles, foul smell of the body and in scorpion-sting; useful in inflammation and sore eyes. Leaves of this plant and ginger are boiled together in water and the decoction obtained is taken as a cough expectorant.

Leaves and bark mixed with tea cures cough and colds. Leaf paste is made into pills, and is given twice daily for long time to cure diabetes. Bark is carminative and useful in gonorrhoea.

Essential oil from leaves possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CINNAMOMUM TAMALA Nees.
CINNAMOMUM TAMALA Nees.

Chemical Constituents

The chief constituent of the leaf is an essential oil rich in eugenol (about 78%), iso-eugenol d- a-phellandrene and cinnamaldehyde (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Cultivated commercially in Sylhet and occationally in other places.


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