Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. tabularis A. Juss.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chikrassi, Dalmara, Pabba; Haithnapoma (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Chabarassy (Chakma); Seybarasi, Saiprobang (Mogh); Bol-dorek, Chuma (Garo).
English Name: Bastard cedar, Chittagong wood, Indian Mahogany, Jamaica Cedar.
A handsome, deciduous tree with tall, cylindrical bole and spreading crown. Leaves abruptly pinnate or bipinnate; leaflets alternate or subopposite, entire, unequal at base, acuminate. Flowers rather large, in terminal panicles; petals 4-5, oblong, free, erect, contorted. Fruit a septifragally 3-5 valved capsule.
Plant is used in skeletal fractures. The bark is powerful astringent; used against diarrhoea. Seed extract is agglutinating.
EtOH(50%) extract of the stem bark is hypotensive, spasmolytic and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain quercetin and its 3-galactoside, galloyl glucoside, tannic acid and a flavone. Bark contains sitosterol, melianone, scopoletin, 6,7,-dimethoxycoumarin, tetranorterpenes and tabularin. Wood contains bussein homologue and chukrasins A, B, C, D & F. Root contains a triterpene cedrelone. Seeds contain tetranorterpenes, phragmalin esters and 12 a-OAc-phyramalin (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Four new meliacin esters 3,30-diisobutyrates and 3-isobutyrate-30-propionates of phragmalin and 12-acetoxyphragmalin have also been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.