CHENOPODIUM ALBUM L.

Family: Chenopodiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bethusag, Batuashak.

English Name: Lamb's Quarters, Goose Foot.

Description of the Plant

An annual herb, 0.3-2 m high. Leaves very variable in size and shape, reaching up to 10 cm long, oblong, rhombic, deltoid or lanceolate, entire, toothed or irregularly lobutate; upper leaves smaller and more entire than the lower. Flowers very small in clusters, forming complex or lax paniculate often mealy spikes.

Using Information

The plants are laxative and diuretic; used in piles, dysentery, anoerexia and hiccup. Decoction of the plant is aperient, tonic, diuretic and aphrodisiac Leaves are anthelmintic; given in hepatic disorders and in splenic enlargement; infusion is used for curing intestinal ulcers. Flowers and buds are used in stomach trouble, weakness in children and for fattening.

EtOH (50%) ext. of the plant is CNS depressant (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CHENOPODIUM ALBUM L.
CHENOPODIUM ALBUM L.

Chemical Constituents

Aerial parts contain essential oil, mineral salts, albuninoids and other nitrogenous compounds, carotene and vitamin C. Oxalic acid is also present in the aerial parts. Roots contain ecdysteroids, ß-ecdysone and polypodine B (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Commonly available as a winter weed in fallow lands throughout the country.


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