Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. candolleana Arn.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Motgoran, Mathgoran (Sunderbans).
English Name: Mangrove.
A small evergreen tree or large shrub with many basal buttresses. Leaves 5-10 cm long, coriaceous, obovate-oblong, rounded at the apex. Flowers in axillary, branched cymes. Petals 5, white, shorter than the calyx, oblong-obovate. Fruit slightly conical, 1.3-1.6 cm long, protruded radical sometimes reaching 30 cm.
Whole of the plant abounds in an astringent principle. The decoction of the bark is used to stop haemorrhage and applied to malignant ulcers. Decoction of the shoots is used as a substitute for quinine.
EtOH(50%) extract of stem bark is hypoglycaemic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Occurs in the mangrove forests of Sundarbans.