Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Lataphataki, Malkangni.
English Name: Black oil Tree, Climbing Staff Plant, Intellect Tree.
A large woody deciduous climber. Leaves 6.3-10 cm long, broadly elliptic-ovate or obovate, crenate-serrate. Flowers small, green, in terminal drooping panicles, 5-20 cm long. Capsules 1-1.3 cm across, depressed globose, 3-lobed, bright yellow.
The leaves are emmenagogue and antidote to opium. The seeds are appetizer, laxative, emetic, aphrodisiac, expectorant, tonic to the brain and liver, sudorific and stimulant; cures paralysis, rheumatism, gout and leprosy; paste is useful in scabies. Bruised and formed in to a poultice, they are good to ulcers. Seed oil is stomachic, tonic and stimulant; good for cough, asthma, leprosy, headache, leucoderma and beri-beri; used as a massage in rheumatism. Decoction of the bark is used in bronchitis.
Oil is vasoconstrictor and spasmolytic in rat uterus; it has tranquillizing effect on CNS (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Seeds contain ß-amyrin, ß-sitosterol, polyhydric alcohol, malkanguniol, sesquiterpene ester, malangunin; alkaloids - celapanine and celapanigine; steroids, triterpenoids, paniculatadiol and malkanguniol (Asolkar et al., 1992).
In evergreen forests of Sylhet.