CELASTRUS PANICULATUS Willd.

Family: Celastraceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Lataphataki, Malkangni.

English Name: Black oil Tree, Climbing Staff Plant, Intellect Tree.

Description of the Plant

A large woody deciduous climber. Leaves 6.3-10 cm long, broadly elliptic-ovate or obovate, crenate-serrate. Flowers small, green, in terminal drooping panicles, 5-20 cm long. Capsules 1-1.3 cm across, depressed globose, 3-lobed, bright yellow.

Using Information

The leaves are emmenagogue and antidote to opium. The seeds are appetizer, laxative, emetic, aphrodisiac, expectorant, tonic to the brain and liver, sudorific and stimulant; cures paralysis, rheumatism, gout and leprosy; paste is useful in scabies. Bruised and formed in to a poultice, they are good to ulcers. Seed oil is stomachic, tonic and stimulant; good for cough, asthma, leprosy, headache, leucoderma and beri-beri; used as a massage in rheumatism. Decoction of the bark is used in bronchitis.

Oil is vasoconstrictor and spasmolytic in rat uterus; it has tranquillizing effect on CNS (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CELASTRUS PANICULATUS Willd.
CELASTRUS PANICULATUS Willd.

Chemical Constituents

Seeds contain ß-amyrin, ß-sitosterol, polyhydric alcohol, malkanguniol, sesquiterpene ester, malangunin; alkaloids - celapanine and celapanigine; steroids, triterpenoids, paniculatadiol and malkanguniol (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution

In evergreen forests of Sylhet.


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