Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Bombax pentadrum L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Shet Simul, Kapok; Sirmai Tula, Burma Simul (Chittagong-Cox's Bazar).
English Name: White silk cotton tree, Kapok, True Kapok tree.
A medium-sized, deciduous tree; branches horizontal, in whorls of three. Leaves long petioled, leaflets 5-8, lanceolate, 5-12.5 cm long. Flowers 3.8-5 cm diam., dirty white, appears at the ends of the branches in clusters of 2-8. Capsules fusiform, 15-20 cm long.
The bark is diuretic, astringent, febrifuge and emetic. The gum is astringent and is given as a remedy for bowel complaints. The root is diuretic, tonic, alterative and laxative; juice is prescribed for diabetes. Young leaves are used as emollient. Decoction or infusion of the flowers is given as a laxative. The unripe fruit is regarded as demulcent and astringent; prescribed in migraine and vertigo. The oil from the seeds is used as an emollient.
EtOH(50%) extract of the aerial parts is CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
The plant yields a gum, which contains phenolic substances. It also contains linarin (acacetin 7-rutinoside) and water-soluble antigen. Seeds contain a fixed oil rich in palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids (Ghani, 2003).
Planted mainly in Cox's Bazar and Chittagong; sporadically elsewhere.