Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. equisetifolia Forst.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jhau, Belatijhau; Hari (Cox's Bazar-Teknaf).
English Name: Beefwood, Australian oak, Casuarinas.
A tall, handsome tree with drooping branches, very slender sulcate branchlets with whorls of 6-8 scale-like leaves, the internodes 5-7.5 mm long on the branchlets. Flowers unisexual, monoecious or dioecious; males in terminal spikes, females in ovoid or globose heads. Fruiting head 13-20 mm long.
Leaves are used in colic. Bark is astringent and useful in diarrhoea and dysentery; infusion is used in nervous disorder, cough, ulcers, stomachache and constipation. A lotion of it is reported to be efficacious in beri-beri. Powdered seeds are applied as plasters in headaches.
Extract of leaves in acitic acid and sodium bicarbonate exhibit anticancer properties (Ghani, 2003).
Leaves contain kaempferol, quercetin, isoquercetin and their glycosides. Shikimic and quinic acids, glucose, fructose, sucrose and amino acids have been isolated from bark, beans and wood. Bark also contains polyols, polyphenols, a -gallocatechol and a-pyrocatechol, (-)epicatechol, (-)epigallocatechol, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, methylgallate, (+)catechol, (+)gallocatechol, alicyclic acid and amino acids. (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Coastal areas of Bangladesh and planted elsewhere.