Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kalkasunde, Chhoto Kalkesunde, Jhigni.

Tribal Name: Moitarabek, Cajah she (Marma).

English Name: Senna Sophera.

Description of the Plant

A diffuse undershrub, 2.4-3 m high. Leaves compound, 18-23 cm long; leaflets 6-10 pairs, 3.8-6.3 cm long, lanceolate, acute or acuminate. Flowers in axillary, short, few flowered, corymbose racemes. Petals 5, 1.3 cm long, ovate, obtuse, yellow. Pods 7.5-10 cm long, thick, slightly recurved, somewhat turgid.

Using Information

The plant is credited with the same properties as C. occidentalis. Leaf juice is specific for ringworm; used in asthma, bronchitis and hiccup. Infusion of the leaves is useful in gonorrhoea and syphilitic sores. Bark, leaves and seeds are used as a cathartic; given in diabetes. Root bark ground into a paste is an appliaction for ringworm, pityriasis and psoriasis.

A decoction of the whole plant is useful in diminishing urine and as an expectorant it gives relief in cases of acute bronchitis. In Khagrachari root paste along with black pepper is given to treat jaundice by the Marma; it is also given in bronchitis.

EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).


Chemical Constituents

Leaves contain a flavanol-C-glycoside and sennosides. Root bark contains anthraquinones, chrysophanol and physcion and ß-sitosterol. Heartwood contains chrysophanol physicon, chrysophanic acid, emodin, sopheranin, quercetin and ß-sitosterol. Flowers contain anthraquinone and flavanol glycosides, including chrysophanol, rhamnetin glucoside and campesterol, sitosterol and fucosterol (Ghani, 2003).


All over the country in roadsides and fallow lands.

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