Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. tora auct. (non L.)
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chakunda, Gol Eski.
Tribal Name: Dangibaong, Dang Geya (Marma); Rotha (Tipra), Echir Gaith (Tanchangya), Robay (Murang).
English Name: The Foetid Cassia.
An annual foetid herb up to 1.5 m high. Leaves compound, 7.5-10 cm long; leaflets 3 pairs, 1.3-2 cm long, obovate-oblong. Flowers yellow, usually in subsessile pairs in the the axils of the leaves; petals 5, bright yellow, 1.3-0.8 cm, oblong, obtuse. Pods 20-35 cm long, linear, subterate, obliquely septate, curved.
Leaves are anthelmintic, laxative and antipyretic; cures bronchitis, asthma, leprosy and piles; used in feverish attacks of children while teething, pounded leaves in eczema, poultice in foul ulcers; hasten suppuration and form a warm remedy in gout, sciatica and rheumatism. Leaves are used for diabetes in Khagrachari. Decoction of the leaf is a mild purgative; used as a cure for coughs. Both leaves and seeds constitute a valuable remedy in skin diseases, for ringworm and itch.
Seeds boiled with tea are taken for cold. Fruits and seeds are alexiteric, alterative, anthelmintic and astringent to the bowels; cures leprosy, tumours, skin diseases, scabies, cough, asthma, burning sensation and hemicrania; seeds ground with sour butter-milk or lime juice is beneficial against the irritation of itch or skin eruptions. Roots are specific for ringworm.
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is antivirus, spasmolytic and diuretic; alcoholic extract is active in vivo against P388 lympocytic leukemia in mice (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves and stems contain sennosides, D-mannitol, myricyl alcohol and ß-sitosterol. Leaves also contain emodin, a flavanol glycoside, triacontan-1-ol, stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol-ß-D-glucoside, friedelin, palmitic, stearic, succinic and d-tartaric acids, uridine, myo-inositol, d-ononitol, kaempferol, quercetin, juglanin, astragalin, quercitrin and isoquercitrin. Pods have been reported to contain sennosides.
Seeds contain anthraquinones and anthraquinone glycosides, chrysophanic acid, rhein, emodin, gluco-obtusifolin, cascaroside, rubrofusarin, chrysophanol, torosachrysone, questin, naphthalenic lactones, isotoralactone, toralactone and cassialactone. Methanolic extract of the seeds yielded pure chrysophanol, chryso-obtusin, aurantio-obtusin, obtiosin, 2-glucosyl obtusifolin, cassiaside and rubro-fusarin-gentiobioside.
Seeds also contain physcion, a new naphtha-a-pyrone – toralactone and an oxytocic principle. Roots contain anthraquinones and ß-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
All over the country in fallow lands and road sides.