CASSIA ALATA L.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dadmardan, Dadmari.

Tribal Name: Pui chi (Marma); Khashabubaong (Tipra).

English Name: Ringworm shrub.

Description of the Plant

A large shrub. Leaves compound, 30-60 cm long; leaflets 8-12 pairs, oblong-obtuse, 5-15 cm long. Flowers showy, in spiciform, pedunculate, erect, racemes; petals bright yellow, broad-ovate. Pods 10-20 cm long, linear-oblong, with a broad wing down the middle of each valve, membranous.

Using Information

Leaves are purgative and antiparasitic; bruised into paste is specific for ringworm; decoction is a general tonic, considered cure for herpes, venereal diseases and poisonous insect bites. Leaf juice is used to eradicate small helminthes. Marma also use to rub leaves into ringworms to cure. Decoction of the leaves and flowers is used as a mouth-wash, wash for eczema, expectorant in bronchitis and astringent in stomatitis. Stem bark is also efficacious against eczema.

Extract of the aerial parts is CNS depressant, diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antitumour agent. Volatile oil of leaves is active against Gram +ve and –ve bacteria (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CASSIA ALATA L.
CASSIA ALATA L.

Chemical Constituents

Leaves and fruits contain anthraquinone glycosides, chrysophanol, emodin, rhein, aloe-emodin and chrysophanic acid. Leaves also contain essential oil composed of sesquiterpene and phenolic compounds, a xanthone, cassiollin (pinselin), kaempferol, 6-OH-musizin glycoside and tinnevellin glycoside. Root contains quinine pigments (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, and sporadically throughout the country.


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