Family: Lecythidaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kumbi, Kumba; Gade, Gadila, Gadula (Dhaka-Mymensingh); Biripata (Rema-Kalenga).
Tribal Name: Borpatk (Chakma); Bol-dimbel, Gambel, Goombal (Garo).
English Name: Kumbi.

Description of the Plant:
A small to medium-sized, deciduous tree, with spreading branches. Leaves up to 30 cm long, broadly obovate or obovate-oblong, rounded or shortly acuminate. Flowers large, white, ill-smelling, sessile, in thick, swollen, hard, few-flowered terminal spikes, 7.6-20 cm long. Fruit 6.3-7.5 cm across, globose.

Using Information:
Plant is used in prolapsus ani and fistula ani. The bark is alexiteric, diuretic and anthelmintic; useful in tumours, dyspepsia, colic, bronchitis, piles, leucoderma and skin diseases. It is used for diarrhoea in Rema-Kalenga. Bark after moistening, prescribed for emollient embrocations. It is also used as a demulcent in coughs and cold. Leaves are used as vulnerary and maturant. Leaf paste is used as poultic to heal obstinate ulcers. Flowers in sherbat or in infusion are used to heal ruptures caused during child birth. Decoction of furits is digestive.


Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain maslinic acid, a triterpenoid lactone, careyagenolide, tannins, saponions, sapogenol, hexacosanol, quercetin, ellagic acid, taraxerol, ß-sitosterol, α-spinasterol. They also contain valoneic acid, ellagic acid dimethylether, triterpene ester, careanorin and ß-amyrin. Bark contains terpenes like lupeol, betulin, methyl betulinate, ß-sitosterol, and piperine. Seeds contain α-spinasterol, α-spinasterone and saponins (Asolkar et al.,1992; Ghani, 2003).

Dhaka-Mymensingh and dry forests of Sylhet.