CARDIOSPERMUM HALICACABUM L.

Cardiospermum microcarpum Kunth
Family: Sapindaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Phutka, Lataphutiki, Kapalphutki, Noaphutki, Kanphutki, Sibjhul
Tribal Name: Ketha boitta shak (Chakma), Kheda batta shak (Tanchangya), Nala maiachi (Marma)
English Name: Baloon vine, Winter cherry, Hearts pea, Heart seed.

Description of the Plant:
A climber with wiry stems. Leaves 3.7-7.6 cm, deltoid, 2-ternate, ultimate segments of the leaves lanceolate, inciso-serrate. Flowers very small, white, in few-flowered axillary, umbellate cymes; peduncles slender, 3.8-10 cm long, provided with two circinate tendrils at the top. Capsules 1.25-3.7 cm wide, depressed-pyriform, trigonous, truncate at top, bladdery.

Using Information:
The whole plant, rubbed up with water is applied to rheumatism and stiffness of the limb. The juice of the plant promotes the catamenial flow during the menstrual period. It is also a demulcent in gonorrhoea and in pulmonary affection. In Indo-China the plant is considered anthelmintic and anti-blenorrhagic.

In Chittagong Hill Tracts, hot water extract of the plant is given to treat chiken-pox by the Chakma and pills made of the plant are given for the treatment of asthma by the Marma tribe. The plant is also used for dropsy and measles in Khagrachari. The leaves are stimulant, diuretic and rubefacient; juice cures earache. Powdered leaves are used externally for healing wounds. Leaves mixed with castor oil are employed internally in rheumatism and lumbago.


Cardiospermum Helicacabum
CARDIOSPERMUM HALICACABUM L.


The roots and leaves are given in the treatment of bleeding piles, amenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, rheumatism, erysipelas and intestinal worms. The root is considered diuretic, diaphoretic, emetic, laxative, rubefacient, aperient and emmenagogue; occasionally used for rheumatism, lumbago, fever and nervous diseases.

EtOH(50%) extract of plant is spasmolytic and hypotensive. Root extract showed diuretic action in male albino mice. Alcoholic extract produced CNS depression in near lethal doses and analgesic effect in mice and rats (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
The plant contains cyanogenic glycosides, saponin, flavones, sterols and essential oil. Leaves contain pinitol, glucuronides of apigenin, chrysoeriol and luteolin. Fatty acids of the seed lipid include arachidic, linoleic and stearic acids. Seed oil also contains β-sitosterol, cyanogenic glycoside and luteollin glucurinide, β-sitosterol is also present in the roots (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Widely cultivated throughout Bangladesh.