CAPPARIS ZEYLANICA L.

C. horrida L. f.
Family: Capparidaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Asarilata, Asaria, Kalokera, Kalukoan, Baganoi.

Description of the Plant:
A rigid, climbing, much-branched shrub; young parts clothed with rufous tomentum. Leaves 2.5-7.5 cm long, elliptic, oblong, obtuse, acute or retuse; stipular spines hooked. Flowers supra-axillary, solitary or 2-3, one above the other in a vertical line, the upper the longest. Sepals 9 mm long, densely rufous-pubescent outside; petals twice as long as the sepals, densely villous. Fruit subglobose, 3.2 cm across.

Using Information:
Root bark is sedative, cooling, cholagogue, stomachic and antihidrotic; along with spirit given in cholera. Leaves are used as a counter irritant and as a cataplasm in boils, swellings, piles and rheumatism. Flowers are used as laxative.


CAPPARIS ZEYLANICA
CAPPARIS ZEYLANICA L.


Chemical Constituents:
Leaves and seeds contain thioglucosides, glucocapparin, n-tricontane, α-and β-amyrin, an alkaloid, a phytosterol, a mucilaginous substance and a water-soluble acid, capric acid. The seeds contain fixed oil (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Dhaka, Chittagong, Patuakhali, Maheshkhali, Madhupur.