Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dhankuni
Description of the Plant:
An erect, much-branched, slender annual, 15-60 cm high. Leaves membranous, 1.8-4 cm long, 3-nerved, broadly ovate, acute; lower smaller, elliptic, acute. Flowers numerous, rosy, in lax, diffuse, paniculate cymes; calyx tube up to 6 mm long, 4-ribbed; corolla tube up to 8 mm long. Capsule oblong, 4-7 mm long.
The Plant is used as a nerve tonic and substitue for Canscora decussata.
Aerial parts and flowering tops contain free xanthones, xanthone glucosides, (-)-loliolide, methoxy- and hydroxyxanthones and its 3-O-rutinosyl derivative. Roots contain β-amyrin, friedelin, gentianine, xanthones, and 16 xanthones including mangiferin. Ash of the herb renders salts containing iron, potassium, calcium, nitrates and carbonates (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chittagong, Maheshkhali, St. Martins (Cox’s Bazar), Kaptai, Lama, Faridpur, Barguna, Rajshahi, Kustia, Dhaka, in fallow lands.