Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name:Sarbajaya, Kalaboti.
English Name: India Shot, Indian Bread-Shot.
Description of the Plant:
A perennial, rhizomatous herb, with 1-1.7 m high stem. Leaves 15-45 cm long, lanceolate to ovate, or oval, caudate-acuminate. Flowers large brilliantly coloured, rather distant, in terminal spike. Fruit capsular, 3-celled, papillose, tubercled or echinate.
Root is diuretic, diaphoretic, stimulant and demulcent; decoction is used in fevers, dropsy and dyspepsia. Seeds are cordial and vulnerary. Seed juice relieves earaches. Root bark and stalks are used to the cattle suffering from poisoning. Rhizome is used in ringworm in Khagrachari.
EtOH(50%) extract of the aerial parts is hypotensive; tuber exhibited enterokinase activity. Unsaponifiable matter of the plant is molluscidal (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Rootstock contains enzymes, triacontanol and mixture of stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol, campesterol and ß- lectin and traces of alkaloids (Asolkar et al. 1992; Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated in the garden throughout the country.