CANNA INDICA L.

Canna orientalis Rosc.
Family: Cannaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name:Sarbajaya, Kalaboti.
English Name: India Shot, Indian Bread-Shot.

Description of the Plant:
A perennial, rhizomatous herb, with 1-1.7 m high stem. Leaves 15-45 cm long, lanceolate to ovate, or oval, caudate-acuminate. Flowers large brilliantly coloured, rather distant, in terminal spike. Fruit capsular, 3-celled, papillose, tubercled or echinate.

Using Information:
Root is diuretic, diaphoretic, stimulant and demulcent; decoction is used in fevers, dropsy and dyspepsia. Seeds are cordial and vulnerary. Seed juice relieves earaches. Root bark and stalks are used to the cattle suffering from poisoning. Rhizome is used in ringworm in Khagrachari.


CANNA INDICA CU
CANNA INDICA L.


EtOH(50%) extract of the aerial parts is hypotensive; tuber exhibited enterokinase activity. Unsaponifiable matter of the plant is molluscidal (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Rootstock contains enzymes, triacontanol and mixture of stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol, campesterol and ß- lectin and traces of alkaloids (Asolkar et al. 1992; Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Cultivated in the garden throughout the country.