CALOTROPIS PROCERA R. Br.

Family: Asclepiadaceae

Bengali/Vernacular name: Shet Akand, Chhoto Akand, Akanda.

Description of the Plant:
An erect shrub, up to 2.4 m high; bark soft, corky, spongy, much branched at the base. Leaves sub-sessile, usually 5.7-15 cm long, broadly ovate, ovate-oblong, elliptic or obovate. Flowers white, in umbellate cymes. Follicles 7.5-10 cm long, subglobose, ellipsoid or ovoid.

Using Information:
Root, root bark, leaves and flowers are reported to have more or less similar use as that of Calotropis gigantea. Root bark is useful for treating chronic cases of dyspepsia, flatulence, constipation, loss of appetite, indigestion and mucus in stool. Leaves are used against guineaworms. Flowers are useful in asthma.


Calotropis Procera
CALOTROPIS PROCERA R. Br.


Plant extract possesses antifungal and anticancer properties. Aquous and alcoholic extract of root stimulates respiration and Blood pressure of dog; spasmogenic to rabbit and rat, and vermicidal against earthworms. EtOH(50%) extract shows antiimplantation activity in female albino rats (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Various parts of the plant contain cardenolide glycosides, calotropin, calotoxin, uscharin and uscharidin, and a base, choline.  Root bark contains alkaloids, benzoyllineolone and bezoylisolineolone. Extract of the plant also contains sterols, triterpenes, uzarigenin, syriogenin, proceroside, calotropagenin, and six of its glucosides. Cardenolides, uscharin, sterols and pentacyclic triterpenes, lupeol and calotropinyl acetate are also present in leaves and latex. A new antibacterial cardenolide, proceragenin has been isolated from this plant.

The latex contains five cardiac steroid glucosides with the same aglycone, calotropagenin. Latex also contains α-amyrin, ß-amyrin and ß-sitosterol, calotropin, calotoxin, uscharin and uscharidin. Flowers conatin cyanidin 3-rhamnoglucoside (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Ghani, 2003). Plant also contains o-pyrocatechuic acid; cardenolides (calotropin, calotoxin, uscharin and uscharidin) (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Rajshahi (Padma river bank), Barguna, Kustia, Patuakhali, Jessore in fallow lands.