Callicarpa arborea Roxb.
Family: Verbenaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Makanchi, Kojo; Bormala (Chittagong); Khoja (Chittagong Hill Tracts); Dhalahuja (Sylhet).

Tribal Name: Jang gach, Banitak (Chakma); Turmong, Kraru (Mogh); Markunchi, Mashkhanchi (Garo); Tara-mah (Marma).

English Name: Fever Nut, Physic Nut, Molucca Bean, Bonducella Nut, Nickar beam

Description of the Plant:
A small to medium-sized evergreen to semi-deciduous tree. Leaves and inflorescence densely covered with stellate hairs. Leaves coriaceous, 15-20 cm long, ovate to narrowly oblong, acute. Flowers small, pale purple in axillary cymes. Fruits a drupe, 2.5 mm diam.

Using Information:
The seeds are antiperiodic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, tonic, anthelmintic and febrifuge; useful in colic, malaria, fever, hydrocele and skin diseases. Decoction of the seed is used in kidney troubles and blood pressure. It is also useful against consumption and asthma. Seeds are also useful for swellings and restraining haemorrhage. The oil from the seeds is used in convulsions and paralysis.


Pod is astringent to the bowels and anthelmintic; cures urinary discharges, leucorrhoea, piles and wounds. Decoction of the pod is used in bleeding piles. Leaves are deobstruent, anthelmintic and emmenagogue and used in liver troubles; the leaf-boil water is used as a gargle for sore throat. Young leaves are used in intermittent fever and for expelling intestinal worms.

EtOH(50%) extract of root and stem is antivirous and antifungal. Plant extract is antiinflammatory in rats (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain ß-sitosterol, maslinic, oleanolic and ursolic acids and their methyl ester acetates, lupeol acetate and ß-amyrin acetate; heartwood contains ß-sitosterol and oleanolic acid. Bark contains methyl betulinate, baurenol and ß-sitosterol acetate (Ghani, 2003).

Dry forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet, Dhaka, Mymensingh and North Bengal.