CALLICARPA MACROPHYLLA Vahl.

Family: Verbenaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Mathara, Barmala, Dhalahuja, Aplotan, Fulujha, Jugga harina.

Tribal Name: Hozagach (Chakma).

Description of the Plant:
An erect large shrub. Leaves 12.5-23 cm. long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, white-tomentose beneath. Flowers small, rose-coloured, corowded in axillary globose, peduncled cymes, 2.5-7.5 cm across. Drupes white.

Using Information:
The plant is used against dysentery. Wood paste is used in mouth and tongue sores. Leaves are smoked to relieve headache. Seed paste is used in stomatitis and leprosy. The root yields aromatic oil, used in the treatment of stomach disorders. The leaves are warmed and applied to rheumatic joints.

Chemical Constituents:
Aerial parts contain 2-tetracyclic diterpenoids, calliterpenone and its mono-OAc. Leaves contain sitosterol; calliterpenone and its mono-OAc, luteolin, apigenin and its 7-glucuronides; ursolic acid, its 2-OH derivetives, crategolic acid. Seeds contain calliterpenone and its acetate (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Forests of Sylhet, Sal forests and Chittagong Hills Tracts.