Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Goache-lata, Goichia-lata.
Description of the Plant:
A scandent shrub; young branches slender, rusty puberulous. Leaves opposite, 7.5-12.5 cm long, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, acute or acuminate. Flowers sessile, yellowish green, in fulvous-pubescent terminal panicles. Fruit 8 mm long, oblong or ellipsoid, 5-ribbed, tomentose, crowned with persistent calyx lobes.
The leaves are laxative, anthelmintic and astringent; juice is chewed as a remedy for colic. Juice of young twigs is used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Pounded leaves are reported to cure dysentery and malarial fever. Fruits are carminative; used in the treatment of jaundice. Flowers are used as a poultice in headache.
Leaves contain tannin and the flavanol, calycopterin, calycopterin-4-methyl ether, 3'oxymethylcalycopterin, 4'-O-methylcalycopterin, n-octacosanol, ellagic acid, quercetin and proanthocyanidin. Flowers contain calycopterin and quercetin. Heartwood also contains calycopterin and quercetin along with gossypol. The plant also contains traces of albuminoids and minerals (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.