CALYCOPTERIS FLORIBUNDA Lam.

Family: Combretaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Goache-lata, Goichia-lata.

Description of the Plant:
A scandent shrub; young branches slender, rusty puberulous. Leaves opposite, 7.5-12.5 cm long, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, acute or acuminate. Flowers sessile, yellowish green, in fulvous-pubescent terminal panicles. Fruit 8 mm long, oblong or ellipsoid, 5-ribbed, tomentose, crowned with persistent calyx lobes.

Using Information:
The leaves are laxative, anthelmintic and astringent; juice is chewed as a remedy for colic. Juice of young twigs is used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Pounded leaves are reported to cure dysentery and malarial fever. Fruits are carminative; used in the treatment of jaundice. Flowers are used as a poultice in headache.

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain tannin and the flavanol, calycopterin, calycopterin-4-methyl ether, 3'oxymethylcalycopterin, 4'-O-methylcalycopterin, n-octacosanol, ellagic acid, quercetin and proanthocyanidin. Flowers contain calycopterin and quercetin. Heartwood also contains calycopterin and quercetin along with gossypol. The plant also contains traces of albuminoids and minerals (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.