Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Krishnachura, Radhachura, Bakam.
English Name: Peacock Flower, Barbadose Pride, Dwarf Gold Mohur
Description of the Plant:
A branchy ornamental shrub, almost unarmed with few prickles. Leaves bipinnate. Racemes terminal, very broad; the lower pedicels 7.5-10 cm long. Flowers yellow or reddish yellow; petals round, crisped, with a very distinct claw; Filaments 3-4 times the length of the corolla. Pods 5-7.6 cm, long, thin, ligulate, flat nearly straight.
The plant is considered tonic and stimulant. Roots are astringent; given in cholera, and infantile convulsions. Leaves are purgative, abortifacient and febrifuge. Infusion of the flowers is febrifuge; prescribed in bronchitis, asthma, malarial fever, intestinal worms, coughs and chronic catarrh. Decoction of the wood is considered emmenagogue; useful in diarrhoea and dysentery; given internally in skin diseases.
Extract of the plant is fungitoxic and anticancer (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chemical Constituents:Bark contains the diterpene, caesalpin, ellagitannins, quercimeritrin, leucodelphinin, ß-sitosterol, sebacic acid, gallic acid and ellagic acid. Leaves contain a glyceride, myricitroside. Flowers contain cyanin, flavonoids, ß-sitosterol, lupeol and saccharides. Fruits are rich in tannins. Seeds contain lectins (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated throughout the country as ornamental plant.