CAESALPINIA PULCHERIMA Sw.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Krishnachura, Radhachura, Bakam.
English Name: Peacock Flower, Barbadose Pride, Dwarf Gold Mohur

Description of the Plant:
A branchy ornamental shrub, almost unarmed with few prickles. Leaves bipinnate. Racemes terminal, very broad; the lower pedicels 7.5-10 cm long. Flowers yellow or reddish yellow; petals round, crisped, with a very distinct claw; Filaments 3-4 times the length of the corolla. Pods 5-7.6 cm, long, thin, ligulate, flat nearly straight.

Using Information:
The plant is considered tonic and stimulant. Roots are astringent; given in cholera, and infantile convulsions. Leaves are purgative, abortifacient and febrifuge. Infusion of the flowers is febrifuge; prescribed in bronchitis, asthma, malarial fever, intestinal worms, coughs and chronic catarrh. Decoction of the wood is considered emmenagogue; useful in diarrhoea and dysentery; given internally in skin diseases.

Caesalpinia Pulcherima
CAESALPINIA PULCHERIMA Sw.


Extract of the plant is fungitoxic and anticancer (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:Bark contains the diterpene, caesalpin, ellagitannins, quercimeritrin, leucodelphinin, ß-sitosterol, sebacic acid, gallic acid and ellagic acid. Leaves contain a glyceride, myricitroside. Flowers contain cyanin, flavonoids, ß-sitosterol, lupeol and saccharides. Fruits are rich in tannins. Seeds contain lectins (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Cultivated throughout the country as ornamental plant.