CAESALPINIA BONDUC (L.) Roxb.

C. bonducella (L.) Flem.
Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Nata, Nata karanja
Tribal name: Kang Boi (Marma).

English name: Fever Nut, Physic Nut, Molucca Bean, Bonducella Nut, Nickar beam

Description of the Plant:
An extensive climber. Branches armed with hooked and straight hard yellow prickles. Leaves bipinnate, 30-60 cm long, petiols prickly. Flowers in dense long-peduncled terminal and supra axillary racemes, 15-25 cm long. Petals oblanceolate, yellow. Pods oblong, densely armed on the faces with wiry prickles. Seeds oblong, lead-coloured, 1.3 cm long.

Using Information:
The seeds are antiperiodic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, tonic, anthelmintic and febrifuge; useful in colic, malaria, fever, hydrocele and skin diseases. Decoction of the seed is used in kidney troubles and blood pressure. It is also useful against consumption and asthma. Seeds are also useful for swellings and restraining haemorrhage. The oil from the seeds is used in convulsions and paralysis. Pod is astringent to the bowels and anthelmintic; cures urinary discharges, leucorrhoea, piles and wounds. Decoction of the pod is used in bleeding piles. Leaves are deobstruent, anthelmintic and emmenagogue and used in liver troubles; the leaf-boil water is used as a gargle for sore throat. Young leaves are used in intermittent fever and for expelling intestinal worms.


Caesalpinia Bonduc
CAESALPINIA BONDUC (L.) Roxb.


EtOH(50%) extract of root and stem is antivirous and antifungal. Plant extract is antiinflammatory in rats (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
a-Caesalpin, -caesalpin, ?-caesalpin, d-caesalpin and ?-caesalpin have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Distribution:
Forests and village thickets of Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Tangail and North Bengal.