BRIDELIA STIPULARIS Bl.

Family:Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Harinhara.
Tribal name: Pat khowi, So mui, Si Ooyaza (Marma).

Description of the plant:
BRIDELIA STIPULARIS Bl. is a large more or less scandent evergreen shrub. Leaves 5-20 cm, subcoriaceous, elliptic-obovate or orbicular-oblong. Flowers small, in small axillary clusters or long spikes, often subtended by long stipular bracts. Fruits oblong, 12 mm long, seated on the enlarged calyx.


Bridelia Stipularis
BRIDELIA STIPULARIS Bl.


Using information:
Plant is used in pleurisy and exudation. Bark decoction is given to children for cough, fever and asthma and as gargle for sores in mouth. Fresh tender leaves are used for the treatment of jaundice; emulsion for anaemia due to pregnancy. Leaf powder and warm leaf poultice are applied to white spots in the skin.

EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is hypotensive. Seeds haemagglutinating against human A, B & O red cells (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Bark contains friedelin and ß-sitosterol. Root contains teraxerone (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Forsts of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Gazipur, Cox's Bazar, Sayadpur (Rangpur).