BLUMEA LACERA (Burn.f.) DC.

Family: Asteraceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Bara Kukshima, Kukursunga, Shealmotra, Shealmoti.
Tribal name: Fao Ma (Marma), Amai Sak (Tanchangya).

Description of the plant:
BLUMEA LACERA (Burn.f.) DC. is an erect, villous, foetid herb. Lower leaves petioled, often incised or lyrate, the upper subsessile elliptic oblong or obovate, finely silky pubescut. Heads 8 mm across, numerous in short axillary cymes and terminal spiciform panicles; flowers yellow.

Using information:
Plant is astringent, stomachic, antispasmodic, antipyretic and diuretic; cures bronchitis, fevers and burning sensation. Leaf juice is anthelmintic, astringent, febrifuge, stimulant and diuretic; mixed with pepper, it is given in bleeding piles. Roots mixed with pepper are given in cholera and along with rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus given in dysentery.


Blumea Lacera
BLUMEA LACERA (Burn.f.) DC.


Alcoholic extract of the herb exhibited marked anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenin- and bradykinin-induced inflammation in rats. Essential oil from leaves is antimicrobial and insect repellent (Asolkar et al., 1992). Essential oil showed analgesic, hypothermic and tranquillizing activities (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Chemical constituents:
Various parts of the plant yield an essential oil containing cineol, fenchone and Blumea camphor. Leaves also contain coniferyl alcohol derivatives, campesterol and flavones. Ethanolic extract of the aerial parts contain hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, α-amyrin, lupeol and its acetates and ß-sitosterol. Root and root bark contain triterpenes and sterols (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Grow as a weed in fallow lands all over Bangladesh.