BIOPHYTUM SENSITIVUM (L.) DC.

Family: Oxalidaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Bannaringa, Jhalai.
English name: Sensitive Wood-sorrel.

Description of the plant:
BIOPHYTUM SENSITIVUM (L.) DC. is a small erect herb, hispidly pubescent. Leaves peripinnate, 3.7-12.7 cm long, crowded into a rosette on the top of the stem; leaflets 6-15 pairs, oblong, very variable in size, 6-12 mm long. Flowers dimorphic, yellow, on long peduncles of various lengths; petals usually twice as long as the sepals. Capsules elliptic, shining.


Biophytum Sensitivum
BIOPHYTUM SENSITIVUM (L.) DC.


Using information:
The plant is tonic and stimulant; used in chest complaints, convulsion, cramps, burning pain and its ash for stomachache. Pounded plants are given in insomnia. The decoction of the root is given in fever, gonorrhoea and lithiasis. The leaves are diuretic, astringent and antiseptic; allay thirst in bilious fevers. Decoction of the leaves is used as an expectorant; given in asthma and phthisis. Paste of the leaf applied to wounds and cuts to stop bleeding.

Aquous extract of leaf inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis 607; saline extract is hypoglycaemic in rabbit (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Forests and village thickets of Dhaka, Dinajpur, Kustia, Rajshahi, Pabna, Faridpur, Jessore, Chittagong, Mymensingh and Tangail.