BENINCASA HISPIDA (Thunb.) Cogn.

B. cerifera Savi., Cucurbita hispida Thunb.
Family:Cucurbitaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Chalkumra.

Tribal name: Kampen Wi (Murong); Jhum Chalkumra (Tanchangya).

English name: Ash Gourd.

Description of the plant:
BENINCASA HISPIDA (Thunb.) Cogn. is a large climber, hispid all over. Leaves large, 10-15 cm diam., hispid. Flowers solitary, large, yellow. Fruits 30-45 cm long, broadly cylindric, hairy; mature fruit glabrous, ash coloured.

Using information:
Fruits are laxative, demulcent, cooling, diuretic, tonic and antiperiodic; specific for haemoptysis and other haemorrhages from internal organs, and has been found particularly beneficial in phthisis. Raw flesh is used as a remedy for facial eruptions. Juice of the fruit is antidote for mercury and alcohol poisoning. It is also useful in case of insanity, epilepsy and other nervous diseases, strangury and urinary calculi. Seeds are diuretic, aphrodisiac, vermifuge against tepeworms and lumbrici; it is also beneficial in cases of heart diseases, tuberculosis, tympanites and colic pain. Leaves are purgative; juice or poultice of the leaves is used in bruises.


Benincasa Hispida
BENINCASA HISPIDA (Thunb.) Cogn.


EtOH and aquous extracts is anthelmintic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Fruit contains lupeol, ß-sitosterol, mannitol, n-triacontanol, glucose, rhamnose and several amino acids. It also contains saponins, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, asparagine, glutamine, praline, hydroxyproline, isoleucine, cystine, L-leucine and guaridine. A new pentacyclic triterpene, isomultiflorenyl-acetate, has been isolated from plant (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Cultivated throughout the country.