Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Dasba, Basbichandi.
English name: Leopard Lily, Blackberry lily.
Description of the plant:
ELAMCANDA CHINENSIS Leman. is a rhizomatous herb, with creeping rootstock and erect, leafy stems. Leaves up to 40 cm long, distichous, ensiform, equitant. Inflorescence a much branched compound cyme, with stiffly ascending branches; spathes several-flowered; petals 6, orange-red, spotted darker red, spreading, oblanceolate, up to 3 cm long. Capsule obovoid, up to 3.5 cm long.
Rhizome is resolvent, purgative, antipyretic and diuretic; used in chest and liver complaints. It is regarded as expectorant, deobstruent and carminative in Chinese medicine; also recorded as a chief remedy for tonsillitis in Chinese material medica; given in pulmonary and liver complaints and for purifying blood; used against laryngeal tumour, tumours of faces and breast cancer. Pulp of stem is stomachic.
Rhizome contains isoflavone glucosides, shekanin (= tectoridin), belamcandin and iridin. Leaves and flowers contain glycoflavone. Belamcandols A and B, a number of iridals and the isoflavones tectoridin, tectorigenin and irigenin have been found in the rhizomes, roots and seeds (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated in gardens as an ornamental plant.