Family: lridaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Dasba, Basbichandi.
English name: Leopard Lily, Blackberry lily.

Description of the plant:
ELAMCANDA CHINENSIS Leman. is a rhizomatous herb, with creeping rootstock and erect, leafy stems. Leaves up to 40 cm long, distichous, ensiform, equitant. Inflorescence a much branched compound cyme, with stiffly ascending branches; spathes several-flowered; petals 6, orange-red, spotted darker red, spreading, oblanceolate, up to 3 cm long. Capsule obovoid, up to 3.5 cm long.

Using information:
Rhizome is resolvent, purgative, antipyretic and diuretic; used in chest and liver complaints. It is regarded as expectorant, deobstruent and carminative in Chinese medicine; also recorded as a chief remedy for tonsillitis in Chinese material medica; given in pulmonary and liver complaints and for purifying blood; used against laryngeal tumour, tumours of faces and breast cancer. Pulp of stem is stomachic.

Belamcanda Chinensis

Chemical constituents:
Rhizome contains isoflavone glucosides, shekanin (= tectoridin), belamcandin and iridin. Leaves and flowers contain glycoflavone. Belamcandols A and B, a number of iridals and the isoflavones tectoridin, tectorigenin and irigenin have been found in the rhizomes, roots and seeds (Ghani, 2003).

Cultivated in gardens as an ornamental plant.