Family: Barringtoniaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kunda, Samudraphal, Kumia, Kunds, Samudra; Dudphal, Baru (Sunderbans).
English name: Indian Oak.

Description of the plant:
BARRINGTONIA RACEMOSA (L.) Spreng. is a small, glabrous, evergreen tree with fairly straight trunk and spreading branches with many large leaf-scars. Leaves 25 cm long, membranous, obovate-obolong or oblanceolate, lightly crenate-denticulate. Flowers distant, in pendulous many-flowered racemes, 30-60 cm long. Fruit ovoid, 4 cm long, obscurely quadrangular below when quite ripe.

Using information:
Roots are febrifuge, deobstruent and cooling. Fruits are efficacious in coughs, asthma and diarrhoea. The pulverised fruits are used as a snuff, and combined with other remedies is applied externally in skin diseases. The seeds are vermifuge and used in colic, opthalmia and parturition; crushed seeds mixed with flour and oil is prescribed in diarrhoea. The kernals of the drupes with milk are given in jaundice and other bilious diseases.

Barringtonia Racemosa

Chemical constituents:
Bark contains ellagic acid and its mono-, di- and tri-O-Me derivatives. Flowers contain cyanidin- and delphenidin-3-sambubiosides (Asolkar et al., 1992). Fruits contain saponin – barringtonin, composed of rhamnose, and baringtogenol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Occurs in the Sundarbans and other coastal forests.