BARRINGTONIA RACEMOSA (L.) Spreng.

Family: Barringtoniaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kunda, Samudraphal, Kumia, Kunds, Samudra; Dudphal, Baru (Sunderbans).
English name: Indian Oak.

Description of the plant:
BARRINGTONIA RACEMOSA (L.) Spreng. is a small, glabrous, evergreen tree with fairly straight trunk and spreading branches with many large leaf-scars. Leaves 25 cm long, membranous, obovate-obolong or oblanceolate, lightly crenate-denticulate. Flowers distant, in pendulous many-flowered racemes, 30-60 cm long. Fruit ovoid, 4 cm long, obscurely quadrangular below when quite ripe.

Using information:
Roots are febrifuge, deobstruent and cooling. Fruits are efficacious in coughs, asthma and diarrhoea. The pulverised fruits are used as a snuff, and combined with other remedies is applied externally in skin diseases. The seeds are vermifuge and used in colic, opthalmia and parturition; crushed seeds mixed with flour and oil is prescribed in diarrhoea. The kernals of the drupes with milk are given in jaundice and other bilious diseases.


Barringtonia Racemosa
BARRINGTONIA RACEMOSA (L.) Spreng.


Chemical constituents:
Bark contains ellagic acid and its mono-, di- and tri-O-Me derivatives. Flowers contain cyanidin- and delphenidin-3-sambubiosides (Asolkar et al., 1992). Fruits contain saponin – barringtonin, composed of rhamnose, and baringtogenol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Occurs in the Sundarbans and other coastal forests.