Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Hijal, Kumia.
Description of the plant:
BARRINGTONIA ACUTANGULA (L.) Gaertn. is a small to medium evergreen tree, with spreading crown. Leaves about 12.5 cm long, cuneate-elliptic, minutely denticulate-crenate. Flowers small, fragrant, dark scarlet, in slender pendulous many-flowered racemes, up to 30 cm long. Fruit 2.5-3.7 cm long, bluntly quadrangular, broadest in the middle.
Juice of the leaves is given in diarrhoea and dysentery. Roots are cooling, aperient and expectorant, stimulating and emetic; supposed to be similar to Chincona in its properties. The fruit is astringent to the bowels, lactagogue, vulnerary, anthelmintic; useful in biliousness, bronchitis, sore eyes, gleet, lumber pain, nasal catarrh and hallucinations. Seeds are carminative and emetic; with juice of ginger used in catarrh of the nose and respiratory passages; applied to chest to relieve pain and cold; to the abdomen to relieve colic and flatulence. Seeds are also reported to relieve seminal weakness and gonorrhoea. The bark is given as astringent in diarrhoea and blenorrhagia, and as a febrifuge in malaria.
EtOH(50%) of root is hypoglycaemic and that of stem bark is antiprotozoal (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain a trihydroxy triterpene monocarboxylic acid, acutangulic acid, and other organic acids, barrigtogenic, tangulic and oleanolic acids; saponins and sapogenins, acutagenol A and acutagenol B, three triterpenoid sapogenols, barringtogenols, B, C and D, E, two triterpenoid acid sapogenins, stigmasterol glucoside, ß-sitosterol and ß-amyrin. Fruits contain barringtogenol D, C and B, saponins and barrigenic acid. Seeds contain triterpenoid glycosides, barringtogenin. Bark contains tannins and a small amount of sapogenin. Wood contains a triterpenoid dicarboxilic acid, barrigtonic acid and other tirterpenoids, barrigenic acid and hexa-hydorxytriterpene, tanginol. Branch wood cotains barringtogenol E and triterpenic acid, barrinic acid (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Occur in the fresh water swamp forests of Sylhet ("Haor"). Also occur along the canels and roadside ditches throughout the country.