BARLERIA PRIONITIS L.

Family: Acanthaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kantajati, Swarnajhinti.

Description of the plant:
BARLERIA PRIONITIS L. is spinescent bushy shrub, up to 1.5 m high. Leaves up to 10 cm long, elliptic, acuminate, bristle-tipped. Flowers sessile, often solitary in the lower axills, becoming spicate above; corolla 3-4 cm, yellow.

Using information:
The plant is heating and appetizer; useful in diseases of the skin, itching, whooping cough and inflammations. The juice of the leaves is generally used in catarrhal affections of children accompanied with fever and much viscid phlegm. Leaves are chewed to relieve toothache. Dried bark is used in cough and juice of fresh bark in anasarca. The root is diuretic and tonic; paste of the root applied to disperse boils and glandular swellings; decoction is used as a mouthwash in toothache.


Barlaria Prionitis
BARLERIA PRIONITIS L.


Chemical constituents:
Leaves and stems contain iridoids, barlerin and acetylbarlerin, ß-sitosterol. Flowers contain scutellarein-7-rhamnosyl glycosides. The plant is rich in potassium and contains an alkaloid (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Dhaka, Rajshahi, Natore, Jessore, Kustia, Dinajpur, Comilla, in fallow lands.