Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Jhanti, Sada Jati.
Description of the plant:
BARLARIA CRISTATA L. var. dichotoma Prain is an erect or diffuse undershrub. Leaves 7.5–10 cm long, elliptic-oblong, acute or acuminate, yellow-hairy or lineolate above. Inflorescence axillary and terminal short, dense spikes; outer sepals ovate-acuminate or lanceolate, toothed, softly hairy. Corolla 3.7 cm, purple-blue or white, upper half funnel-shaped, lobes ovate. Capsule 16 cm long, 4-seeded.
The plant is used as a stimulant and demulcent. Root decoction is given in anaemia. EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is spasmogenic and hypoglycaemic
Flowers contain apigenin, its glucuronide, naringenin and malvindin 3,5-diglucocides. Root contains 2 anthraquinones, barlacristone and cristabarlone (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Cultivated in gardens.