BARLARIA CRISTATA L. var. dichotoma Prain

Family:Acanthaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Jhanti, Sada Jati.

Description of the plant:
BARLARIA CRISTATA L. var. dichotoma Prain is an erect or diffuse undershrub. Leaves 7.5–10 cm long, elliptic-oblong, acute or acuminate, yellow-hairy or lineolate above. Inflorescence axillary and terminal short, dense spikes; outer sepals ovate-acuminate or lanceolate, toothed, softly hairy. Corolla 3.7 cm, purple-blue or white, upper half funnel-shaped, lobes ovate. Capsule 16 cm long, 4-seeded.


Barlaria Cristata
BARLARIA CRISTATA L. var. dichotoma Prain


Using information:
The plant is used as a stimulant and demulcent. Root decoction is given in anaemia. EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is spasmogenic and hypoglycaemic

Chemical constituents:
Flowers contain apigenin, its glucuronide, naringenin and malvindin 3,5-diglucocides. Root contains 2 anthraquinones, barlacristone and cristabarlone (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Cultivated in gardens.