BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA (Retz.) Willd

Family:Poaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Bans, Kantabans, Ketsi.
English name: Bamboo, Spiny Bamboo.

Description of the plant:
BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA (Retz.) Willd is a tall, thickset bamboo; stem up to 33 m high, tufted on a stout rootstock. Leaves up to 20 cm long, linear-lanceolate. Inflorescence an enormous panicle often occupying the whole stem.


Bambusa Aurindanacea
BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA (Retz.) Willd


Using information:
The stem and leaves are cooling and laxative; useful in diseases of blood, leucoderma and inflammatory conditions. The sprouts are laxative and beneficial in strangury. The siliceous concretion found in the joints of the female bamboo is largely used in homeopathic medicine as tonic and aphrodisiac; useful in cough and cold, consumption and asthma. The leaves are considered emmenagogue; given to check diarrhoea in cattle and horses. Thin green layer of the bark is used to arrest bleeding. The roots are used to treat joint pains and general debility. Decoction of the leaf bud is administered to encourage free discharge of menses or lochia after delivery.

Chemical constituents:
Young shoots contain cholin, betain, enzymes, benzoic acid and a cyanogenetic glycoside, (taxiphyllin), oxalic acid, reducing sugars, resins, waxes, silica and other minerals. Juice of sprout contains benzoic and hydrocyanic acids. The plant also contains silicic acid, oxides of iron, potash and lime (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Cultivated throughout the country.