AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA L.

Family: Averrhoaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kamranga.

English Name: Carambola Apple, Chinese Gooseberry, Coromandel Gooseberry.

Description of the Plant:

A law tree up to 10 m tall, with close drooping branches. Leaves pinnate; leaflets 2-5 pairs, 3.7-7.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, acute. Flowers small, variegated white and purple, in short racemes, chiefly axillary or sometimes springing from the bark. Fruit 8-10 cm long, oblong, acutely angled, sour or sweet, yellow when ripe.

Using Information:

Fruits are tonic, refrigerant and antiscorbutic; eaten for jaundice. Green fruits are astringent to the bowels. The ripe fruit is a good remedy for bleeding piles, particularly for internal piles. It is also useful in relieving thirst and febrile excitement. The juice of the fruit is given in dysentery and hepatic colic. The dried fruit is given in fevers. Leaves are considered antipyretic, antipruritic and anthelmintic; employed in the treatment of scabies.

Chemical Constituents:

Fruit is very rich in vitamin C, oxalic acid and its Ca and P salts, potassium oxalate and vitamin A. It also contains protein and amino acids. Young fruits contain tannins. Flowers contain rutin and quercetin glucosides. Flavonoids, anthraquinones, guanidin and ionone glycoside, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural, caroetenoids, lupeol, ß-sitosterolk and colatile oil have been isolated from the fresh ripe fruits. A new inonone glucoside has also been isolated from the fruits. Presence of cyanidin glucoside and cyanidin diglucoside have also reported in the fruits (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:

Planted throughout the country.