AVERRHOA BILIMBI L.

Family: Averrhoaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bilimbi, Belembu.

English Name: Bilimbi, Cucumber Tree.

Description of the Plant:

A small tree, 4-5 m high. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 5-17 pairs, 1.2-8 cm, oblong or linear lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent beneath. Inflorescence a panicled cymes, springing from the trunk and branches. Flowers 1.5-2 cm long, purplish to red. Fruits 7-7.7 cm long, oblong, faintly 5-angled, light yellow at maturity.

Using Information:

The fruit is astringent, stomachic and refrigerant. The syrup of the fruit is useful in relieving thirst, febrile excitement, and also in some slight cases of haemorrhage from the bowels, stomach and internal haemorrhoids. The fruit itself, in the form of curry, is a useful dietary article in piles and scurvy. Syrup or decoction of the fruit is prescribed in inflammatory conditions, chiefly in hepatitis; also prescribed in fever, diarrhoea and bilious colic.

Chemical Constituents:

Fruits are rich in oxalic acid, vitamin C, tannins and minerals. Fifty-three volatile components, consisting mainly of the aliphatic acids, hexadecanoic acid and 9-octadecanoic acid, and the esters, butyl nicotinate, have found in the fruits. Fruits also contain Cyanidin glucoside (Ghani, 2003).

AVERRHOA BILIMBI L.
AVERRHOA BILIMBI L.

Distribution:

Planted throughout the country, especially Chittagong, Comilla and Dhaka.