Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bilimbi, Belembu.
English Name: Bilimbi, Cucumber Tree.
A small tree, 4-5 m high. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 5-17 pairs, 1.2-8 cm, oblong or linear lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent beneath. Inflorescence a panicled cymes, springing from the trunk and branches. Flowers 1.5-2 cm long, purplish to red. Fruits 7-7.7 cm long, oblong, faintly 5-angled, light yellow at maturity.
The fruit is astringent, stomachic and refrigerant. The syrup of the fruit is useful in relieving thirst, febrile excitement, and also in some slight cases of haemorrhage from the bowels, stomach and internal haemorrhoids. The fruit itself, in the form of curry, is a useful dietary article in piles and scurvy. Syrup or decoction of the fruit is prescribed in inflammatory conditions, chiefly in hepatitis; also prescribed in fever, diarrhoea and bilious colic.
Fruits are rich in oxalic acid, vitamin C, tannins and minerals. Fifty-three volatile components, consisting mainly of the aliphatic acids, hexadecanoic acid and 9-octadecanoic acid, and the esters, butyl nicotinate, have found in the fruits. Fruits also contain Cyanidin glucoside (Ghani, 2003).
Planted throughout the country, especially Chittagong, Comilla and Dhaka.