Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: A. floribunda Wight., Limonia monophylla L.
A small or large shrub, with rigid flexuous woody branches and usually strong, axillary, single sharp spines. Leaves 2.5-7.5 cm long, lanceolate to ovate, obtuse, notched or 2-lobed at the tip, coriaceous. Flowers 8-12 mm diam., fascicled or shortly racemed, white; petals obovate-oblong, obtuse. Berries globose, as large as a nutmeg, like a lime.
Oil of berries is considered as a valuable application in paralysis and chronic rheumatism. Leaf juice is an ingredient in a compound liniment for hemiplegia.
Essential oil from leaves is antitubercular and antifungal (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Root bark contains a tetranortriterpenoid, atalantin, stigmasterol, xanthyletin, marmesin and ?-sitosterol, two tetranortriterpenoids and a C-12 lactone along with copaene, a- trans-bergamotene, ß-bisabolene, d-a-bisabolol, auraptene, atalaphylline, N-methylatalaphylline, limonoids, atalantin, dehydroatalantin and cycloepiatalantin. Root bark also contain acridone alkaloids, atalaphylline and its N-Me derivative; minor alkaloid N-Me-bicycloatalaphylline; acridone base atalaphylline; atalaphyllidine, atalaphylline-3-5-di-Me-ether. Leaves contain essential oil. They yield friedelin and epifriedelanol and a mixture of stigmasterol and ?-sitosterol; also n-Bu-palmitate. Heartwood yields ß-sitostenone, ß-sitosterol, 10-nonacosanone, angelicin and psoralen, palmitic, stearic and arachidic acids. Fruits contain alkaloid severine (Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forest of Sylhet.