Family: Liliaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Satamuli.

Tribal Name: Shaktichara (Chakma); Mimong tamache (Garo).

English Name: Asparagus.

Description of the Plant:

A tall, much branched, prickly climber with fascicle of fusiform roots. Cladodes 1.3-2.5 cm long, curved, in tufts of 2-6. Flowers small, white, in solitary or fascicled, simple or branched racemes. Berry small, red.

Using Information:

The root is tonic, refrigerant, demulcent, diuretic, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, alterative, galactagogue, laxative, expectorant, anti-diarrhoeal and anti-dysenteric; useful in diseases of the kidney and the liver, scalding urine and gleet; promotes lactation. It improves appetite of the children. It is used in the treatment of impotency and acidity; with sesame oil as hair tonic and cooling. In Khagrachari, the tribal use roots in urinary trouble. Garo of Madhupur use root paste in seminal weakness.

Aquous extract of roots is nematicidal; EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is anticancer. Bark possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties (Asolkar et al., 1992). Asparagin contained in the plant is a strong diuretic (Ghani, 2003).

Chemical Constituents:

Asparagus contains steroidal glycosides (asparagosides), bitter glycosides, asparagin and flavonoids. Fresh leaves yield diosgenin and other saponins such as shatavarin I to IV. Flowers and fruits contain glycosides of quercetin, rutin, and hyperoside. Ripe fruit contains cyanidin 3-glycosides. Presence of sitosterol, stigmasterol, their glucosides and sarsasapogenin; two spirostanolic and two furostanolic saponins have been reported in the fruits. Tubers and roots contain saccharine matters and mucilage. An antioxytocic compound, named racemosal (a 9, 10-dihydorphenanthrene derivative), has been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003).



Cultivated in most of the districts.